Nutrients

CALCIUM has a role in the process of cell division and specialization and contributes to 

  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal muscle function
  • normal neurotransmission
  • normal blood clotting
  • the normal function of digestive enzymes
  • the maintenance of normal bones and teeth

 

IRON has a role in the process of cell division and contributes to

  • normal cognitive function
  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal formation of red blood cells and haemoglobin
  • normal oxygen transport in the body
  • the normal function of the immune system
  • the reduction of tiredness and fatigue

Note: Caffeine may hamper iron absorption so it’s best to consume your coffee about an hour before or after meals. Our bowls, as all plant-based iron sources, contain non-heme iron. Non-heme iron, is less well absorbed by our bodies. To increase the absorption of non-heme iron, consume it together with vitamin C-rich fruits.

 

MAGNESIUM has a role in the process of cell division and contributes to

  • a reduction of tiredness and fatigue
  • electrolyte balance
  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal functioning of the nervous system
  • normal muscle function
  • normal psychological function
  • the maintenance of normal bones and teeth 

 

OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS - Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) ALA contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels

Note: Plant sources contain only omega 3 in the form of ALA, which is less powerful than DHL (present in e.g. fish). Our body loses roughly 75% by converting ALA to DHL, which is the form needed by our brains. I.e. if you don’t eat fish, you are advised to consume higher daily quantities of omega 3 fatty acids.    

 

POTASSIUM contributes to

  • normal functioning of the nervous system
  • normal muscle function
  • the maintenance of normal blood pressure  

 

PROTEIN contributes to

  • a growth in muscle mass
  • the maintenance of muscle mass
  • the maintenance of normal bones

 

SELENIUM contributes to

  • the maintenance of normal hair and nails
  • the normal function of the immune system
  • the normal thyroid function
  • the protection of cells from oxidative stress
  • normal spermatogenesis

 

VITAMIN A has a role in the process of cell specialisation and contributes to

  • normal iron metabolism
  • the maintenance of normal mucous membranes
  • the maintenance of normal skin
  • the maintenance of normal vision
  • the normal function of the immune system

 

VITAMIN E contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress   

 

ZINC has a role in the process of cell division and contributes to

  • normal acid-base, carbohydrate, fatty acids and vitamin A metabolism
  • the normal function of the immune system
  • protection of cells from oxidative stress
  • normal cognitive function
  • normal DNA and protein synthesis
  • the maintenance of normal bones, hair, nails, skin
  • the maintenance of normal vision
  • normal fertility and reproduction
  • the maintenance of normal testosterone levels in the blood

 

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Main source:

EU-Commission Regulation No. 432/2012 of May 2012

Further references

MD S. Pazirandeh, MD D.L. Burns, MB ChB I.J. Griffin (2020), Overview of dietary trace elements   ScD MPH H.D. Sesso (2019), Making sense of vitamins and minerals, Special Health Report, Harvard Medical School   L. Vollmer, V.A. West, E.D. Lephart (2018), Enhancing Skin Health: By Oral Administration of Natural Compounds and Minerals with Implications to the Dermal Microbiome, International Journal of Molecular Sciences   R.S. Isaacson, C.A. Ganzer, H. Hristov, K. Hackett, E. Caesar, R. Cohen, R. Kachko, J. Meléndez-Cabrero, A. Rahman, O. Scheyer, M.J. Hwang, C. Berkowitz, S. Hendrix, M. Mureb, M.W. Schelke, L. Mosconi, A. Seifan, R. Krikorian (2018), The clinical practice of risk reduction for Alzheimer's disease: A precision medicine approach, Alzheimers Dement.   Berti, M. Walters, J. Sterling, C.G. Quinn, M. Logue, R. Andrews, D.C. Matthews, R.S. Osorio, A. Pupi, S. Vallabhajosula, R.S. Isaacson, M.J. de Leon, L. Mosconi (2018), Mediterranean diet and 3-year Alzheimer brain biomarker changes in middle-aged adults, Neurology.   BA D. Buettner, BA S. Skemp, MD B. Frates (2016), Blue Zones: Lessons from the World’s Longest Lived

, American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine.